Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev
The St. Sophia Cathedral (Kiev, Ukraine) – exhibition, work schedule, Address, phones.
The Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev is a temple in which worship is performed according to the schedule. One of the symbols of the Ukrainian capital has become a museum. You can only pray for God here in strictly reserved days. The rest of the time is reserved for tourists and is easy to visit.
Initially, the cathedral was a building 13 domes, to which a few centuries, added more 6 chapters. E, in the seventeenth century, the building was rebuilt in the Ukrainian Baroque style.
For ten centuries of existence, the cathedral has been attacked repeatedly by invaders. In the century 13, he survived the invasion of Batu – his hordes destroyed almost the entire building and took a valuable tool. Two centuries later, the Crimean Tatars were stolen from the temple, who killed the Metropolitan of Kiev, St. Macarius.
In the century 14, the Uniate Cathedral was complete. I do not temple, Until now, divine service had ceased, and the building itself was maintained, as they say, in an honest word. The key role in the restoration cathedral touched the Metropolitan Peter, that in 1633 attracted the works of the Italian architect Octaviano Mancini. The end of the seventeenth century was the time of the return end of the Saint Sophia Cathedral, when the icons, the frescoes were restored and the building itself acquires heads pear and decorated with wall masonry.
The October Revolution has directly influenced the Sophia Cathedral. Up until 1917, he remained in the cathedral Metropolitan of Kiev and galician, and with the advent of the Soviet regime, a real struggle for power started here – that among metropolitan could be called real. The division in the church could lead to a division in society, then the cathedral decided to close it quickly and turn it into a museum reserve.
After the withdrawal of Ukraine from the Soviet Union in the renewed worship of the cathedral. However, then the building fell on the UNESCO World Heritage List, according to which all services have been banned from the temple. Exceptions are only a few religious holiday.
Architecture and interior
The Saint Sophia Cathedral is famous for its architecture and interior. At first, It was built as the main temple of Russia, so it is very difficult to find similar buildings, for example, in Byzantium. Although builders have been directly downloaded from Constantinople.
In terms of symbolism, the high dome of the temple reminds parishioners of Jesus Christ. Twelve small domes – on the apostles, four symbolize the evangelists who preached the teachings of Christ.
The podpupol central space of the cathedral is made in the form of a cross. The same – crosswise – It is at the intersection of Cathedral pillars. For choirs, a beautiful lighting was created – people loved to hear the worship.
Today, in Sofia Cathedral, you can see a mosaic that has survived since the century 11. The palette is over 170 tons, adorns central dome, arcos, pillars.
The most famous mosaic is called Virgin” The Wall Invincible “. It is located in the vaulted part of the seat of the central altar and portrays the fellowship of the apostles by Christ.
Besides that, the cathedral is rich in frescoes, that depict various scenes from the Bible – Children of the Virgin, the Acts of the Apostles, the lives and the images of saints, the stage of the passions of Christ and many others.
In the cathedral you can count over 100 burials. Here is the sarcophagus of Yaroslav the Wise and his wife Irina. However, some graves have been lost for many centuries.
Alternative version of the cathedral
scientists 12 countries in the spring of 2012 They said the St. Sophia Cathedral was built 26 years earlier than the official version attests. A nova data – approximately 1011 years – It was encrypted wall subscriptions. Like this, the founder of the cathedral can not be Yaroslav the Wise.
Investigations of the bones that were in the sarcophagus of the Grand Duke showed that they belonged to a woman. Where to find the remains of Yaroslav the Wise, unknown. According to one version, they are stored in the Brooklyn Church.