St. Andrew's church in Kiev
St. Andrew's church in Kiev (Kiev, Ukraine) – description, history, location, opinions of tourists, Photos.
The Church of St. Andrew, founded in 1744, the steep bank of the river Dnipro, until the arrival of Elizabeth I, is the only preserved building of the Kiev city of the famous architect V. V. Rastrelli. Built in the Baroque style, The temple has the shape of a cross, having only a single dome, and the four corners are decorated with decorative towers of smaller pillars.
The Church of St. Andrew is often called the swan song of the great master of the domestic architecture of Bartolomeo Rastrelli. It rises on one of the steep hills of Starokyivska lot over the old bastion of the fortress Starokievsky.
The St. Andrew's church is one of the brightest buildings of Baroque style, that has spread architecture and national art in the late seventeenth century – middle of the eighteenth century. From the west, this style fell under the influence of local traditions and acquired unique national traits.
The baroque buildings are characterized by architectural forms pristine, spectacular, picturesque and dynamic, the richness of decoration, bright contrasting paint on the walls, a large number of gold. All these features are inherent in the Church of St. Andrew.
To build a temple on the hilltop, the builders built in him a estilótipo in the form of a residential two-story building adjacent to the cliff slope. It ends a fenced balustrade with a balcony, which leads the cast iron stairs across the street. The St. Andrew's church is cross-shaped in terms of construction, It stretched along the west-east axis. Its dimensions are 31 x 20 meters, height – 47 meters. The height of stylobate (with foundations) it's from 15 meters. The church is blocked from within by a large dome with a diameter of 10 meters. Externally, However, this is a five-headed temple: four small decorative towers are placed in the foothills, diagonal buildings, which creates the effect of the traditional five-headed church.
The silhouette of the church is built on the contrast between the huge central head and elegant cornerstones that guide the movement of the architectural masses. In the decoration of facades, the first time combined oven and cast iron casting.
Throughout its history, the time held its direct function can be counted on the fingers of one hand. The unfortunate location and, consequently, the threat of constant change, were the reasons put Andriivsk bordering the complete destruction. Already in 1787, after the death of Elizabeth, the temple is almost complete desolation. Only the intervention of the Russian Empress Catherine saved the church.
The landscape of the facades underlines the bright coloring: White background, white columns, pilasters, cornijas, cast iron with golden, destacados cartridges, the edges have a dark green bathroom and golden garlands.
Although all St. Andrew's Church painting is facing religiosity, It is remarkable the way in which these paintings are secular with spectacular poses, stylish clothes, many everyday details, landscapes and Baroque features natures. It is a realistic art and life affirmation, private religious asceticism. The paint is organically connected with sculptures, stucco decoration and architectural forms of construction.